Education System in Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic is located on the island of Hispaniola, in the Caribbean region. It is the most visited place in the Caribbean with its year round golf courses being the main attraction. Dominican Republic experiences a tropical climate, whereby January and February are the coolest months and August is the hottest month in the year. From November to January people, the northern coast experiences a wet season, while everywhere else in the country it stretches from May to November.
The Education System of Dominican Republic is observed as a division in different economic groups of the country. On one hand the rich students opt for private education, which is offered through religious communities, while on the other hand, poor students cannot complete high school because of financial restrain.
The government of Dominican Republic is carrying out with appropriate reforms to decrease the gap by establishing new schools and colleges, however it is still in progress and only a few amount of population is affected through this opportunity.
The elementary education is free and compulsory in the Dominican Republic. System of Educationis divided into four stages:
- Preschool education (Nivel Inicial)
- Primary education (Nivel Basico)
- Secondary education (Nivel Medio)
- Higher education (Nivel Superior)
The education system in the Dominican Republic is governed by four government organizations:
- The State Secretariat for Education
- The Ministry of Education
- The Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology
- The National Institute of Professional and Technical Training
The Primary school in Dominican Republic takes eight years for completion. Children enters primary schools at around 6 year of ages. The primary schools has two cycles. The first cycle is Grades 1-4 and the second cycle is Grades 5-8.
Secondary school is not compulsory. However, after completion of 8 years of primary school education children can move to secondary school which open the avenues for university education and jobs. The duration of secondary schooling is four year. Its divided over two cycles lasting two years each. The first cycle encompasses general and compulsory education. The second cycle offers flexibility in curriculum and allows students to focus on either vocational and technical education or on the arts.
The secondary vocational and technical education prepares students for job market at an early stage. The curriculum taught focuses on industry, agriculture, and other services. However the arts education focuses on developing the creativity of the students. Students can specialize into music, visual arts, performing arts, and applied arts. To obtain secondary school school certificate students must obtain a passing grade on national exams, pass their classes, and participate in a community service program.
The Higher Education in Dominican Republic is open to students successfully completes 12 years of secondary education. Students can chose from general or technical track. There are both public institutions as well as private institutions for higher education.